Tuesday, 16 February 2010

The second definition: the Nihilistic Paradox

The second definition I gave in the first post was about what is called "The Nihilistic Paradox". It in itself has many forms, and can arise out of a number of problems with both nihilism and other philosophies; however, despite the numerous forms it can take, it covers one simple problem, which made "Nietzsche is Dead" as one of the major sayings of delusionalism, that makes nihilism impossible as a truth. I will try to use the two main ways of expressing it, although, to be honest, by following similar lines, you could probably come up with something that comes to the same point.

The first form of the paradox:
The problem with Nihilism, which leads us to the paradox, is that it completely relies on absolutes. While many of you will think this is a strange statement, since nihilism is about rejection of all thoughts, views, ideas, and cultural opinion on things like morality, and therefore in itself rejects the ideas of absolutes, you have to understand that this in itself doesn't make sense. If we must reject all ideas because everything is false, or nothing is absolute, then this in itself is an absolute truth, which means it contradicts itself. No matter what angle nihilists try to come from, you can not have one truth that is exempt from itself. Truly, one can not say there is no truth, as this is a contradiction. Eventually you may get the point where you're asking me what is truth, and what terminology I am using. Once we get to that point, where we no longer have any idea what we're talking about, then, that's it. You've arrived at delusionalism. This will be explored more in the next post.

The second form of the paradox:
Another problem with Nihilism is that it relies on the assumption that we can trust our own thoughts. We have to understand that the ideas of Nihilism are part of our thoughts, so in order for it to be true, we must be able to rely on our thoughts as being true. However, what reason do we have to believe that we can trust our thoughts? How do we know if everything we sense, both our external (our surroundings) and internal (ourselves, our thoughts, our personalities, our memories, etc), may just be an illusion. Many often tell me of the hammer example, where you take a hammer, despite it being a illusion, and your hand, despite it being an illusion, and hit your hand with the hammer, despite the pain such an action with cause being an illusion. They often tell me that this proves that we can trust our thoughts because they are consistent: because what was experienced when our hand was hit with the hammer was predicted by our previous thoughts, then the result is consistent with our thoughts, and therefore our thoughts are reliable. However, this fails to explain how do we know if the consistency itself is an illusion. The idea of the consistency is based on the memory of what happened, yet we're not told why our memories are reliable. In fact, I don' know of any reason why you should trust any part of your mind. If we can not trust any of our thoughts, then what reason do we have to believe nihilism is correct?

But then again, what reason do we have to believe it's not?

Ah yes, the problem, many of you will say, is that not trusting our thoughts applies both ways. This in itself is part of the third definition, which I will explore in the next post.

Wednesday, 10 February 2010

The first definition: The Nihilistic analysis of the Self, and the delusions we create.

In the first post that I wrote I gave each of the different definitions of delusionalism; for each point, I'm going to delve into their details, show how they affect us, and basically uncover whatever 'truth' I can. Here, we have the first of them, the branch of nihilism that focuses on the delusions created by living things in order to justify their own existence, actions and beliefs.

Firstly, we must have a look at Nihilism in order to understand what is being talked about here. Nihilism, to be most accurate, is about nothing, or rather the rejection of nearly everything, especially things that are non-rationalized or non-proven. Explored immensely by Nietzsche, Nihilism is probably one of the most influential philosophies ever known. Nihilism, particularly in its existential form, most often leads the individual to realizing their life is meaningless, which in itself puts them in risk of depression and suicide. But to a nihilist, how can those things be bad? If there is no such thing as an objective moral code we have to follow, then isn't everything acceptable? If everything is acceptable, then we have no reason to see things like rape, murder, theft, torture etc, as bad.

These things are destructive to human kind, which is what evolution has developed us to avoid at all cost, despite the lacking in logic. It is intrinsic in our nature to preserve ourselves, simply because the point of evolution is to ensure the survival of the species. Don't think this means the human race has any meaning or purpose: it's simply a natural process, that's all. It's no different from how waves are formed when an object falls into a liquid. It's just biology. However, we must also realize with this knowledge, the human race would fall apart. So, the only way to escape this nihilistic view is to create a distorted picture of the world, or delusions.

Virtually all human beings have what most nihilists would call delusional views or beliefs. Throughout the world we see all people, no matter from what culture, believing very similar things about their own existence. Most people believe that we must live, that we must help one another, that we should not be selfish, that we should further mankind, that this is not the only life, and that our own lives are justified. Most commonly we are told, when we ask why they believe this, that by following these beliefs, we improve our lives, and bring ourselves happiness. Yet they fail to explain why that matters. Why does it matter to be happy? Of course it's unbearable to be sad, depressed, lonely, upset, etc, but to simply believe these things to avoid the negatives in life is not reason, but a form of pathetic desperation to reject reality. Truly, with nihilistic delusionalism, we are left realizing what lowly, delusional animals we are, and that our lives are a nothingness upon a void of emptiness.

Sadly, this may make many you feel depressed, empty, and hollow. I know I did.

Am I sure I read that right? You did? What about now? Isn't it likely you gave this up simply to justify your own existence, making it a delusion?

To most, nihilism seems absolute, and when I was a nihilist, there was just no way of seeing outside of it. But there is one thing that I forget when thinking about how there is only nothing. It will take a while to explain, but in the next post, I will talk about the idea that took me away from nihilism, and onto the modern version of delusionalism: the Nihilistic Paradox.

What is Delusionalism?

Delusionalism is probably one of the strangest philosophies ever conceived by the human mind. The ideas behind it are so bizarre, unfamiliar, and near insane, that many may find them threatening to their own positions. Originally a form of Nihilism that developed in the U.K. in the 1990s, it is a very rarely talked about philosophy, with very few books or articles concerning the subject. However, that is because delusionalism has never had the chance to presented to a wider audience, and be allowed to be inspected by critiques. That's what I hope to do here; some of the subjects I will write about on this blog you may find confusing, some hard to believe, and some even insane! But hopefully, you will give it a chance.

Delusionalism is a very difficult term to define as it has so many meanings, and while they all focus around the same subject, each definition can make a drastic difference on the overall argument or statement in which they are used.

The definition of Delusionalism is:
1. A branch of Nihilism that focuses on the Delusions created by conscious beings to justify their existence (although this is extremely rarely used because of the Nihilistic Paradox)
2. A term used to describe the Nihilistic Paradox
3. The position of only being able to say "I don't know" as the answer to all questions due to a lack of knowledge (links in with the Nihilistic Paradox)
4. The belief that all beliefs, positive, negative, and indifferent, are delusional (also known as the Delusionalistic Paradox)
5. The rejection of polar opposites in reality (i.e., yes/no, true/untrue, existent/nonexistent, etc)
6. The rejection of studying Human Psychology in order to understand our true selves.
7. The rejection of or indifference to Logic

I will try to go into detail with all of these points in later posts, and I will attempt to explore what effects they have on the rest of our perceived 'reality'. Wish me luck!